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Saŋyutta Nikāya,
V: MahāVagga
45. Magga Saŋyutta
6. Balakaraṇīya-vaggo

Kindred Sayings on the Way

Suttas 149-160

VI.
Deeds Requiring Strength

Translated by F. L. Woodward
Edited by Mrs. Rhys Davids

Copyright The Pali Text Society
Commercial Rights Reserved
Creative Commons Licence
For details see Terms of Use.

 


 

Sutta 149

Strength[1]

i. Seclusion

[149.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Just as, monks, whatsoever deeds requiring strength
are done,
all of them are done
in dependence on the earth,
with the earth for their support,
even so a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,[2]
cultivates the Ariyan eightfold [37] way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way.

And how does a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way."[ed1]

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Just as, monks, whatsoever deeds requiring strength
are done,
all of them are done
in dependence on the earth,
with the earth for their support,
even so a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way.

And how does a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way."

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Just as, monks, whatsoever deeds requiring strength
are done,
all of them are done
in dependence on the earth,
with the earth for their support,
even so a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way.

And how does a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way."

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Just as, monks, whatsoever deeds requiring strength
are done,
all of them are done
in dependence on the earth,
with the earth for their support,
even so a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way.

And how does a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much,
of the Ariyan eightfold way."

 


 

Sutta 150

Seed[3]

i. Seclusion

[150.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Just as, monks, whatsoever species
of seed and vegetation
come to growth,
increase
and maturity,
all of them depend on the earth,
are supported by the earth;
even so, monks, a monk who,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

And how does a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Just as, monks, whatsoever species
of seed and vegetation
come to growth,
increase
and maturity,
all of them depend on the earth,
are supported by the earth;
even so, monks, a monk who,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

And how does a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Just as, monks, whatsoever species
of seed and vegetation
come to growth,
increase
and maturity,
all of them depend on the earth,
are supported by the earth;
even so, monks, a monk who,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

And how does a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Just as, monks, whatsoever species
of seed and vegetation
come to growth,
increase
and maturity,
all of them depend on the earth,
are supported by the earth;
even so, monks, a monk who,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

And how does a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

 


 

Sutta 151

The Snake[4]

i. Seclusion

[151.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Supported, monks, by Himalaya,
lord of mountains,
snakes grow a body
and get strength.

When they have grown a body
and got strength there,
they go down to the tarns.[5]

From the tarns
they go down to the lakes,

From the lakes
they go down to the small rivers,

From the small rivers
they go down to the great rivers,

From the great rivers
they go down to the sea,
the mighty ocean.

There they get great size and growth of[6] body.

[38] Just so, monks, a monk who,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

And how, monks, does a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions."[7]

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Supported, monks, by Himalaya,
lord of mountains,
snakes grow a body
and get strength.

When they have grown a body
and got strength there,
they go down to the tarns.

From the tarns
they go down to the lakes,

From the lakes
they go down to the small rivers,

From the small rivers
they go down to the great rivers,

From the great rivers
they go down to the sea,
the mighty ocean.

There they get great size and growth of body.

Just so, monks, a monk who,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

And how, monks, does a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions."

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Supported, monks, by Himalaya,
lord of mountains,
snakes grow a body
and get strength.

When they have grown a body
and got strength there,
they go down to the tarns.

From the tarns
they go down to the lakes,

From the lakes
they go down to the small rivers,

From the small rivers
they go down to the great rivers,

From the great rivers
they go down to the sea,
the mighty ocean.

There they get great size and growth of body.

Just so, monks, a monk who,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

And how, monks, does a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions."

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Supported, monks, by Himalaya,
lord of mountains,
snakes grow a body
and get strength.

When they have grown a body
and got strength there,
they go down to the tarns.

From the tarns
they go down to the lakes,

From the lakes
they go down to the small rivers,

From the small rivers
they go down to the great rivers,

From the great rivers
they go down to the sea,
the mighty ocean.

There they get great size and growth of body.

Just so, monks, a monk who,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions.

And how, monks, does a monk,
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attains growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how a monk
depending on virtue,
supported by virtue,
cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
attain growth,
increase
and maturity of conditions."

 


 

Sutta 152

The Tree

i. Seclusion

[152.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Suppose a tree, monks,
that inclines to the east,
slopes to the east,
tends to the east.

When cut down at the root,
in what direction would it fall?"

"As it slopes,
as it inclines,
as it tends, lord."

"Well, monks, even so
a monk, cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
inclines to Nibbāna,,
slopes to Nibbāna,,
tends to Nibbāna,.

And how does a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
incline to Nibbāna,,
slope to Nibbāna,,
tend to Nibbāna,?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
inclines to Nibbāna,,
slopes to Nibbāna,,
tends[8] to Nibbāna,.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Suppose a tree, monks,
that inclines to the east,
slopes to the east,
tends to the east.

When cut down at the root,
in what direction would it fall?"

"As it slopes,
as it inclines,
as it tends, lord."

"Well, monks, even so
a monk, cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
inclines to Nibbāna,,
slopes to Nibbāna,,
tends to Nibbāna,.

And how does a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
incline to Nibbāna,,
slope to Nibbāna,,
tend to Nibbāna,?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
inclines to Nibbāna,,
slopes to Nibbāna,,
tends to Nibbāna,.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Suppose a tree, monks,
that inclines to the east,
slopes to the east,
tends to the east.

When cut down at the root,
in what direction would it fall?"

"As it slopes,
as it inclines,
as it tends, lord."

"Well, monks, even so
a monk, cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
inclines to Nibbāna,,
slopes to Nibbāna,,
tends to Nibbāna,.

And how does a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
incline to Nibbāna,,
slope to Nibbāna,,
tend to Nibbāna,?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
inclines to Nibbāna,,
slopes to Nibbāna,,
tends to Nibbāna,.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Suppose a tree, monks,
that inclines to the east,
slopes to the east,
tends to the east.

When cut down at the root,
in what direction would it fall?"

"As it slopes,
as it inclines,
as it tends, lord."

"Well, monks, even so
a monk, cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
inclines to Nibbāna,,
slopes to Nibbāna,,
tends to Nibbāna,.

And how does a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
incline to Nibbāna,,
slope to Nibbāna,,
tend to Nibbāna,?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
inclines to Nibbāna,,
slopes to Nibbāna,,
tends to Nibbāna,.

 


 

Sutta 153

The Pot

i. Seclusion

[153.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Just as a pot,
if overset,
empties out its water,
and cannot take it in[9] again,
even so a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
empties out ill, unprofitable states
and cannot take them in again.[10]

And how, monks, can a monk,
by cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
empty out ill, unprofitable states
and not take them in again?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
empties out ill, unprofitable states
and not take them in again.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Just as a pot,
if overset,
empties out its water,
and cannot take it in again,
even so a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
empties out ill, unprofitable states
and cannot take them in again.

And how, monks, can a monk,
by cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
empty out ill, unprofitable states
and not take them in again?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
empties out ill, unprofitable states
and not take them in again.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Just as a pot,
if overset,
empties out its water,
and cannot take it in again,
even so a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
empties out ill, unprofitable states
and cannot take them in again.

And how, monks, can a monk,
by cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
empty out ill, unprofitable states
and not take them in again?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
empties out ill, unprofitable states
and not take them in again.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Just as a pot,
if overset,
empties out its water,
and cannot take it in again,
even so a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
empties out ill, unprofitable states
and cannot take them in again.

And how, monks, can a monk,
by cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way,
empty out ill, unprofitable states
and not take them in again?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how a monk,
cultivating and makng much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
empties out ill, unprofitable states
and not take them in again.

 


 

Sutta 154

Bearded Wheat[11]

i. Seclusion

[154.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Suppose monks, the spike of bearded wheat
or bearded barley
be well aimed.

When pressed by hand or foot,
it is possible
that it will pierce hand or foot
and draw blood.

Why so?

Because, monks,
the spike is well aimed.

Even so, monks,
owing to the right aim of way-culture
it is possible
that a monk will pierce ignorance,
will draw knowledge,
will realize Nibbāna,.

Why so?

Because, monks,
his view is well aimed.

And how, monks, does a monk
by view well aimed,
by well aimed way-culture
so pierce[12] ignorance,
draw knowledge
and realize Nibbāna?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how a monk,
by view well aimed,
by well aimed way-culture
pierces ignorance,
draws knowledge
and realizes Nibbāna.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Suppose monks, the spike of bearded wheat
or bearded barley
be well aimed.

When pressed by hand or foot,
it is possible
that it will pierce hand or foot
and draw blood.

Why so?

Because, monks,
the spike is well aimed.

Even so, monks,
owing to the right aim of way-culture
it is possible
that a monk will pierce ignorance,
will draw knowledge,
will realize Nibbāna,.

Why so?

Because, monks,
his view is well aimed.

And how, monks, does a monk
by view well aimed,
by well aimed way-culture
so pierce ignorance,
draw knowledge
and realize Nibbāna?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how a monk,
by view well aimed,
by well aimed way-culture
pierces ignorance,
draws knowledge
and realizes Nibbāna.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Suppose monks, the spike of bearded wheat
or bearded barley
be well aimed.

When pressed by hand or foot,
it is possible
that it will pierce hand or foot
and draw blood.

Why so?

Because, monks,
the spike is well aimed.

Even so, monks,
owing to the right aim of way-culture
it is possible
that a monk will pierce ignorance,
will draw knowledge,
will realize Nibbāna,.

Why so?

Because, monks,
his view is well aimed.

And how, monks, does a monk
by view well aimed,
by well aimed way-culture
so pierce ignorance,
draw knowledge
and realize Nibbāna?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how a monk,
by view well aimed,
by well aimed way-culture
pierces ignorance,
draws knowledge
and realizes Nibbāna.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Suppose monks, the spike of bearded wheat
or bearded barley
be well aimed.

When pressed by hand or foot,
it is possible
that it will pierce hand or foot
and draw blood.

Why so?

Because, monks,
the spike is well aimed.

Even so, monks,
owing to the right aim of way-culture
it is possible
that a monk will pierce ignorance,
will draw knowledge,
will realize Nibbāna,.

Why so?

Because, monks,
his view is well aimed.

And how, monks, does a monk
by view well aimed,
by well aimed way-culture
so pierce ignorance,
draw knowledge
and realize Nibbāna?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how a monk,
by view well aimed,
by well aimed way-culture
pierces ignorance,
draws knowledge
and realizes Nibbāna.

 


 

Sutta 155

The Sky[13]

i. Seclusion

[155.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Just as, monks, divers winds blow in the sky, -
some winds blow from the east,
some winds blow from the west,
some winds blow from the north,
some winds blow from the south,
some winds are dusty,
some winds are dustless,
some winds are cool
some winds are hot
some winds are soft
some winds are boisterous.

Even so, monks,
when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
then in him
the four stations of mindfulness[14]
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment.

And how, monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
do the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment in him.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Just as, monks, divers winds blow in the sky, -
some winds blow from the east,
some winds blow from the west,
some winds blow from the north,
some winds blow from the south,
some winds are dusty,
some winds are dustless,
some winds are cool
some winds are hot
some winds are soft
some winds are boisterous.

Even so, monks,
when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
then in him
the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment.

And how, monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
do the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment in him.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Just as, monks, divers winds blow in the sky, -
some winds blow from the east,
some winds blow from the west,
some winds blow from the north,
some winds blow from the south,
some winds are dusty,
some winds are dustless,
some winds are cool
some winds are hot
some winds are soft
some winds are boisterous.

Even so, monks,
when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
then in him
the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment.

And how, monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
do the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment in him.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Just as, monks, divers winds blow in the sky, -
some winds blow from the east,
some winds blow from the west,
some winds blow from the north,
some winds blow from the south,
some winds are dusty,
some winds are dustless,
some winds are cool
some winds are hot
some winds are soft
some winds are boisterous.

Even so, monks,
when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
then in him
the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment.

And how, monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
do the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
the four stations of mindfulness
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four best efforts,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the four bases of psychic power,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five faculties,
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the five powers
by culture
reach fulfilment,
the seven limbs of wisdom
by culture
reach fulfilment in him.

 


 

Sutta 156

The Rain-Cloud (a)

i. Seclusion

[156.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Just as, monks, in the last month of the hot season[15]
the dust and dirt fly up,[16]
and then out of due season
a great rain-cloud in a moment[17]
lays and makes them vanish, -
even so does a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
lay and cause to vanish
the ill
unprofitable states
that rise from time to time.

And how does a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
lay and cause to vanish
the ill
unprofitable states
that rise from time to time?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
a monk lays and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.[18]

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Just as, monks, in the last month of the hot season
the dust and dirt fly up,
and then out of due season
a great rain-cloud in a moment
lays and makes them vanish, -
even so does a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
lay and cause to vanish
the ill
unprofitable states
that rise from time to time.

And how does a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
lay and cause to vanish
the ill
unprofitable states
that rise from time to time?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
a monk lays and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Just as, monks, in the last month of the hot season
the dust and dirt fly up,
and then out of due season
a great rain-cloud in a moment
lays and makes them vanish, -
even so does a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
lay and cause to vanish
the ill
unprofitable states
that rise from time to time.

And how does a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
lay and cause to vanish
the ill
unprofitable states
that rise from time to time?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
a monk lays and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Just as, monks, in the last month of the hot season
the dust and dirt fly up,
and then out of due season
a great rain-cloud in a moment
lays and makes them vanish, -
even so does a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
lay and cause to vanish
the ill
unprofitable states
that rise from time to time.

And how does a monk
who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
lay and cause to vanish
the ill
unprofitable states
that rise from time to time?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
a monk lays and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

 


 

Sutta 157

The Rain-Cloud (b)

i. Seclusion

[157.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Just as, monks, from time to time
a strong wind scatters
and causes to vanish
a great mass of clouds
that has arisen,
even so a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
from time to time
scatters and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

And how does a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
from time to time
scatter and cause to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
from time to time
scatters and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Just as, monks, from time to time
a strong wind scatters
and causes to vanish
a great mass of clouds
that has arisen,
even so a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
from time to time
scatters and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

And how does a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
from time to time
scatter and cause to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
from time to time
scatters and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Just as, monks, from time to time
a strong wind scatters
and causes to vanish
a great mass of clouds
that has arisen,
even so a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
from time to time
scatters and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

And how does a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
from time to time
scatter and cause to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
from time to time
scatters and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Just as, monks, from time to time
a strong wind scatters
and causes to vanish
a great mass of clouds
that has arisen,
even so a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
from time to time
scatters and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

And how does a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
from time to time
scatter and cause to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how monks, when a monk cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
from time to time
scatters and causes to vanish
the ill,
unprofitable states
that rise
and rise again.

 


 

Sutta 158

The Ship[19]

i. Seclusion

[158.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Just as, monks, in the case of a sea-faring vessel
rigged with masts and stays
and stranded on the bank,
for six months it is worn by the water,[20]
while in the dry season
its rigging is [41] spoiled by wind and sun:
then, overstrung[21] by a shower
in the rainy season,
it is easily weakened
and rots away, -
just so, in a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
right easily the fetters are weakened
and rot away.

And how, monks, in one so cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
are the fetters weakened
and rot away?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how monks, in one so cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
the fetters are weakened
and rot away.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Just as, monks, in the case of a sea-faring vessel
rigged with masts and stays
and stranded on the bank,
for six months it is worn by the water,
while in the dry season
its rigging is spoiled by wind and sun:
then, overstrung by a shower
in the rainy season,
it is easily weakened
and rots away, -
just so, in a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
right easily the fetters are weakened
and rot away.

And how, monks, in one so cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
are the fetters weakened
and rot away?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how monks, in one so cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
the fetters are weakened
and rot away.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Just as, monks, in the case of a sea-faring vessel
rigged with masts and stays
and stranded on the bank,
for six months it is worn by the water,
while in the dry season
its rigging is spoiled by wind and sun:
then, overstrung by a shower
in the rainy season,
it is easily weakened
and rots away, -
just so, in a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
right easily the fetters are weakened
and rot away.

And how, monks, in one so cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
are the fetters weakened
and rot away?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how monks, in one so cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
the fetters are weakened
and rot away.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Just as, monks, in the case of a sea-faring vessel
rigged with masts and stays
and stranded on the bank,
for six months it is worn by the water,
while in the dry season
its rigging is spoiled by wind and sun:
then, overstrung by a shower
in the rainy season,
it is easily weakened
and rots away, -
just so, in a monk who cultivates and makes much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
right easily the fetters are weakened
and rot away.

And how, monks, in one so cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
are the fetters weakened
and rot away?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how monks, in one so cultivating and making much of
the Ariyan eightfold way
the fetters are weakened
and rot away.

 


 

Sutta 159

For All Comers[22]

i. Seclusion

[158.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Suppose, monks, a guest-house.

Thither come folk from the eastern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the western quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the northern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the southern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Noblemen and brahmins,
commoners and serfs.[23]

Even so, monks, a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
who makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
by full comprehension
realizes those states
which are by full comprehension
to be fully understood.[24]

Those states that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he abandons;

those states that are to be realized
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he realizes;

those states that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he cultivates.

What, monks, are the states to be realized
by full comprehension?

To that question you must reply:

'It is the five factors
that have to do with grasping.'[25]

What five?

They are these:

The body-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the factor of feeling
that has to do with grasping,
the perception-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the activities-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the consciousness-factor
that has to do with grasping.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be abandoned
[42] by full comprehension?

They are ignorance,
and lust of becoming.

These are the states to be abandoned
by full comprehension.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be realized
by full comprehension?

They are knowledge and release.

These are the states
to be realized by full comprehension.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension?

They are calm and insight.

These are the states
to be cultivated by full comprehension.

And how does a monk, cultivating and making much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
realize,
abandon,
fully comprehend
and cultivate (these states)?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how monks, a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
who makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
by full comprehension
realizes those states
which are by full comprehension
to be fully understood;

those states that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he abandons;

those states that are to be realized
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he realizes;

those states that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he cultivates.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Suppose, monks, a guest-house.

Thither come folk from the eastern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the western quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the northern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the southern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Noblemen and brahmins,
commoners and serfs.

Even so, monks, a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
who makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
by full comprehension
realizes those states
which are by full comprehension
to be fully understood.

Those states that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he abandons;

those states that are to be realized
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he realizes;

those states that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he cultivates.

What, monks, are the states to be realized
by full comprehension?

To that question you must reply:

'It is the five factors
that have to do with grasping.'

What five?

They are these:

The body-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the factor of feeling
that has to do with grasping,
the perception-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the activities-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the consciousness-factor
that has to do with grasping.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension?

They are ignorance,
and lust of becoming.

These are the states to be abandoned
by full comprehension.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be realized
by full comprehension?

They are knowledge and release.

These are the states
to be realized by full comprehension.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension?

They are calm and insight.

These are the states
to be cultivated by full comprehension.

And how does a monk, cultivating and making much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
realize,
abandon,
fully comprehend
and cultivate (these states)?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how monks, a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
who makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
by full comprehension
realizes those states
which are by full comprehension
to be fully understood;

those states that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he abandons;

those states that are to be realized
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he realizes;

those states that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he cultivates.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Suppose, monks, a guest-house.

Thither come folk from the eastern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the western quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the northern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the southern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Noblemen and brahmins,
commoners and serfs.

Even so, monks, a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
who makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
by full comprehension
realizes those states
which are by full comprehension
to be fully understood.

Those states that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he abandons;

those states that are to be realized
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he realizes;

those states that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he cultivates.

What, monks, are the states to be realized
by full comprehension?

To that question you must reply:

'It is the five factors
that have to do with grasping.'

What five?

They are these:

The body-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the factor of feeling
that has to do with grasping,
the perception-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the activities-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the consciousness-factor
that has to do with grasping.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension?

They are ignorance,
and lust of becoming.

These are the states to be abandoned
by full comprehension.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be realized
by full comprehension?

They are knowledge and release.

These are the states
to be realized by full comprehension.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension?

They are calm and insight.

These are the states
to be cultivated by full comprehension.

And how does a monk, cultivating and making much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
realize,
abandon,
fully comprehend
and cultivate (these states)?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how monks, a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
who makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
by full comprehension
realizes those states
which are by full comprehension
to be fully understood;

those states that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he abandons;

those states that are to be realized
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he realizes;

those states that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he cultivates.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Suppose, monks, a guest-house.

Thither come folk from the eastern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the western quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the northern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Thither come folk from the southern quarter,
who take up residence therein.

Noblemen and brahmins,
commoners and serfs.

Even so, monks, a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
who makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
by full comprehension
realizes those states
which are by full comprehension
to be fully understood.

Those states that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he abandons;

those states that are to be realized
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he realizes;

those states that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he cultivates.

What, monks, are the states to be realized
by full comprehension?

To that question you must reply:

'It is the five factors
that have to do with grasping.'

What five?

They are these:

The body-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the factor of feeling
that has to do with grasping,
the perception-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the activities-factor
that has to do with grasping,
the consciousness-factor
that has to do with grasping.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension?

They are ignorance,
and lust of becoming.

These are the states to be abandoned
by full comprehension.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be realized
by full comprehension?

They are knowledge and release.

These are the states
to be realized by full comprehension.

And what, monks, are the states
that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension?

They are calm and insight.

These are the states
to be cultivated by full comprehension.

And how does a monk, cultivating and making much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
realize,
abandon,
fully comprehend
and cultivate (these states)?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how monks, a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold way,
who makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way,
by full comprehension
realizes those states
which are by full comprehension
to be fully understood;

those states that are to be abandoned
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he abandons;

those states that are to be realized
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he realizes;

those states that are to be cultivated
by full comprehension,
by full comprehension
he cultivates.

 


 

Sutta 160

The River[26]

i. Seclusion

[160.1][bodh] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.

Then the Exalted One addressed the monks,
saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Suppose, monks, the river Ganges,
that flows,
slides
and tends towards the east,
and there comes a great crowd of folk,
armed with pick and basket, saying:

'We will make this river Ganges
flow,
slide
and tend towards the west.'

What think ye, monks?

Would that great crowd of folk
make the river Ganges
flow,
slide
and tend towards the west?"

"Surely not, lord."

"And why not?"

"Because, lord, the river Ganges
flows,
slides
and tends towards the east,
it were no easy thing
to make it flow,
slide
and tend towards the west;
insomuch that fatigue and vexation
would be the lot
of that great crowd of folk."

"Just so, monks, if the rajah's royal ministers
or his friends
or boon companions
or kinsmen
or blood relatives
were to come to a monk
who is cultivating and making much of the Axiyan eightfold way,
and were to seek to entice him with wealth, saying:

'Come, good man!

Why should these yellow robes torment you?

Why parade about with shaven crown [43] and bowl?

Come!

Return to the lower life
and enjoy possessions
and do deeds of merit,' -

for that monk
so cultivating and making much of the Ariyan eightfold way
return to the lower life is impossible.

Why so?

Because, monks, that monk's heart
has for many a long day
been bent on detachment,
inclined to detachment,
turned towards detachment,
so that there is no possibility
for him to return to the lower life.

And how, monks, does a monk
cultivate and make much of the Ariyan eightfold way?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right aim,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right speech,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right action,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right living,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right effort,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

He cultivates right concentration,
that is based on seclusion,
that is based on dispassion,
on cessation,
that ends in self-surrender.

That is how monks, a monk cultivates and makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way.

 

§

 

ii. Ending in Restraint of Passion

"Suppose, monks, the river Ganges,
that flows,
slides
and tends towards the east,
and there comes a great crowd of folk,
armed with pick and basket, saying:

'We will make this river Ganges
flow,
slide
and tend towards the west.'

What think ye, monks?

Would that great crowd of folk
make the river Ganges
flow,
slide
and tend towards the west?"

"Surely not, lord."

"And why not?"

"Because, lord, the river Ganges
flows,
slides
and tends towards the east,
it were no easy thing
to make it flow,
slide
and tend towards the west;
insomuch that fatigue and vexation
would be the lot
of that great crowd of folk."

"Just so, monks, if the rajah's royal ministers
or his friends
or boon companions
or kinsmen
or blood relatives
were to come to a monk
who is cultivating and making much of the Axiyan eightfold way,
and were to seek to entice him with wealth, saying:

'Come, good man!

Why should these yellow robes torment you?

Why parade about with shaven crown and bowl?

Come!

Return to the lower life
and enjoy possessions
and do deeds of merit,' -

for that monk
so cultivating and making much of the Ariyan eightfold way
return to the lower life is impossible.

Why so?

Because, monks, that monk's heart
has for many a long day
been bent on detachment,
inclined to detachment,
turned towards detachment,
so that there is no possibility
for him to return to the lower life.

And how, monks, does a monk
cultivate and make much of the Ariyan eightfold way?

He cultivates right view,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right aim,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right speech,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right action,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right living,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right effort,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right mindfulness,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

He cultivates right concentration,
which ends in the restraint of passion,
which ends in the restraint of hatred,
which ends in the restraint of illusion.

That is how monks, a monk cultivates and makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way.

 

§

 

iii. Ending in the Deathless

"Suppose, monks, the river Ganges,
that flows,
slides
and tends towards the east,
and there comes a great crowd of folk,
armed with pick and basket, saying:

'We will make this river Ganges
flow,
slide
and tend towards the west.'

What think ye, monks?

Would that great crowd of folk
make the river Ganges
flow,
slide
and tend towards the west?"

"Surely not, lord."

"And why not?"

"Because, lord, the river Ganges
flows,
slides
and tends towards the east,
it were no easy thing
to make it flow,
slide
and tend towards the west;
insomuch that fatigue and vexation
would be the lot
of that great crowd of folk."

"Just so, monks, if the rajah's royal ministers
or his friends
or boon companions
or kinsmen
or blood relatives
were to come to a monk
who is cultivating and making much of the Axiyan eightfold way,
and were to seek to entice him with wealth, saying:

'Come, good man!

Why should these yellow robes torment you?

Why parade about with shaven crown and bowl?

Come!

Return to the lower life
and enjoy possessions
and do deeds of merit,' -

for that monk
so cultivating and making much of the Ariyan eightfold way
return to the lower life is impossible.

Why so?

Because, monks, that monk's heart
has for many a long day
been bent on detachment,
inclined to detachment,
turned towards detachment,
so that there is no possibility
for him to return to the lower life.

And how, monks, does a monk
cultivate and make much of the Ariyan eightfold way?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right aim,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right speech,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right action,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right living,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right effort,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end;

he cultivates right concentration,
which plunges into the deathless,
which has the deathless for its aim,
which has the deathless for its end.

That is how monks, a monk cultivates and makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way.

 

§

 

iv. Ending in Nibbāna

"Suppose, monks, the river Ganges,
that flows,
slides
and tends towards the east,
and there comes a great crowd of folk,
armed with pick and basket, saying:

'We will make this river Ganges
flow,
slide
and tend towards the west.'

What think ye, monks?

Would that great crowd of folk
make the river Ganges
flow,
slide
and tend towards the west?"

"Surely not, lord."

"And why not?"

"Because, lord, the river Ganges
flows,
slides
and tends towards the east,
it were no easy thing
to make it flow,
slide
and tend towards the west;
insomuch that fatigue and vexation
would be the lot
of that great crowd of folk."

"Just so, monks, if the rajah's royal ministers
or his friends
or boon companions
or kinsmen
or blood relatives
were to come to a monk
who is cultivating and making much of the Axiyan eightfold way,
and were to seek to entice him with wealth, saying:

'Come, good man!

Why should these yellow robes torment you?

Why parade about with shaven crown and bowl?

Come!

Return to the lower life
and enjoy possessions
and do deeds of merit,' -

for that monk
so cultivating and making much of the Ariyan eightfold way
return to the lower life is impossible.

Why so?

Because, monks, that monk's heart
has for many a long day
been bent on detachment,
inclined to detachment,
turned towards detachment,
so that there is no possibility
for him to return to the lower life.

And how, monks, does a monk
cultivate and make much of the Ariyan eightfold way?

Herein a monk cultivates right view,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right aim,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right speech,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

He cultivates right action,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right living,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right effort,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right mindfulness,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna;

he cultivates right concentration,
which flows to Nibbāna,
which slides to Nibbāna,
which tends to Nibbāna.

That is how monks, a monk cultivates and makes much of the Ariyan eightfold way.

 


[1] No. 149 of text (repeated at text 135, 246). Cf. M. i, 230 for these two sections.

[2] Cf. Mrs. Rhys Davids's Buddhism, p. 154,

[3] Comy. 'Here the five sorts of seed are called bīja-gāmā. When they have attained greenness they are called bhūta-gāmā.'

[4] (Or eel?) Infra, Bk. II, i. Cf. Buddh. India, p. 220 ff.; Indian Serpent Lore (Vogel), 1927. Comy. describes the journey of the mothers from the ocean up to the Himālaya, by way of the five great rivers, to bring' forth their young, safe from the attacks of boys, the violence of the sea-waves and garuṭas or garuḷas (? eagles, albatross, or rocs).

[5] Cf. S. ii, 30. Kussubbhe (Sn. 720, kussobbha), ku-s-sobbha; ku-n-nadi; the prefix implies inferiority; hence kupuriso, a rogue; ku-diṭṭhi - micchā-diṭṭhi.

[6] Comy. 'A size of a hundred or a thousand fathoms!'

[7] Comy. interprets thus: 'The Himālaya is the fourfold perfect purity of virtue. The young snakes are the earnest students (yogāvacarā) The tarns, etc., are the Ariyan path. The Ocean is Nibbāna. Growth, maturity, etc., are the abhiññā.

[8] Pabbāro hoti ('gravitates').

[9] Nikkujjo vamateva udakaŋ, no paccāvamati. But cf. A. v, 337, where text reads nikkujjo'va tam eva [udakaŋ] no vantaŋ pacc.

[10] Comy. na antopavesati.

[11] Cf. supra. I, 9.

[12] Text bhindati here.

[13] As at S. iv, 218; K.S. iv, 146

[14] Cf. K.S. iv, 259 ff.

[15] Cf. text 321 (gimhānaŋ pacchime māse) =Āsāḷḷhi-māse (our June-July). Comy.

[16] Text uggataŋ. Comy. ūhataŋ, explained as uddhaŋ gataŋ.

[17] Ṭhānaso (lit. there and then, on the spot); VM. i, 268, khaṇen'eva

[18] Cf. Expos., p. 90.

[19] Cf. S. iii, 155; K.S. iii, 131, where I would correct as here; A. iv, 127.

[20] Text pariyenāya (? pariyāyena, whirling round and round); v.l, pariyādāya (S. iii; A. iv). Comy. refers to previous comment on S. iii, where it has mahāsamudde pariyādānaŋ (the wasting away in the ocean) and mahāsamudd'odakena khajjamānānaŋ khandhānaŋ (the timbers - being eaten away by the water.

[21] Text abhipavuṭṭhāni; at A. and S. iii, -pavaṭṭāni.

[22] Āgantukā. Cf. S. iv, 219; K.S. iv, 147 (where it represents the body). Comy. 'built in the midst of a merit-desiring town.'

[23] Vessā, suddā.

[24] Cf. S. iv, 29. Abhiññā-pariññeyyā.

[25] K.S. iii, 41; Compend., p. 185.

[26] Cf. S. iv. 191; v. 300; K.S. iv, 124

 


[ed1] Woodward omits the development into four sub-sections of this group of suttas, but the pattern was established in Ī139. The PTS Pali indicates after this first sutta that the pattern should be followed. The BJT has each sub-division as a separate sutta. The Bhk. Bodhi translation is organized as here (suttas with 4 sub-sections), but is abridged.


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